In an attempt to reignite the troubled economy, federal and state governments in Brazil are looking for private sector investors to help fund, operate and maintain infrastructure throughout the cash-strapped country.
The IMF expects the Brazilian economy to shrink 3.8% this year and post zero growth in 2017, according to its latest forecasts.
A slew of public-private partnerships concessions are therefore planned for this year and, according to finance minister Henrique Meirelles, some 30bn reais (US$9.22bn) in revenues are expected from this process in 2017 alone.
For transportation infrastructure, a total of 198bn reais in works is planned under logistics investment program, PIL, which was announced by suspended president Dilma Rousseff last year. It involves airport, highway, railway, and port terminal concessions.
To compliment this plan, a PPP council formed by the interim president Michel Temer is currently discussing initial projects under the country's new infrastructure concessions program known as Crescer. It involves projects for transportation infrastructure and energy, as well as supporting state and municipal governments in their water and sanitation plans.
Brazil's bioceanic railway project (CREDIT: Brazil government).
In terms of energy, the federal government already has plans to offer investors building and operating rights for 22 power transmission projects at an auction in September and some 33GW of capacity will be auctioned off in October which includes 799 wind farms and 393 photovoltaic solar parks.
Bidding for operating rights is also expected for at least three existing hydroelectric plants by the end of the year in which the government is seeking some 10bn reais in signature fees.
Brazil could even include pre-salt fields in the country's next oil and gas licensing round, according to Moreira Franco, who heads the interim government's investment partnership program.
Moreira Franco (CREDIT: AFP).
São Paulo - the country's most populous and affluent state – is offering the most concession investment opportunities.
Among them is a 20bn-real intercity passenger railway project currently in a public consultancy phase, as well as plans to concession the restoration, operation and 30-year upkeep of 25 national parks in which feasibility studies are underway to prepare concessions models.
A number of waterworks PPPs are also being planned throughout the country with some 15bn reais in concessions making up the top five.
The largest is a PPP in Rio de Janeiro state aimed at improving sewage collection services in the metropolitan region of state capital Rio de Janiero. It is budgeted at 7bn-9bn reais.
Underway is also a 3.9bn-real project for a 30-year concession to achieve universal sewerage service in the coverage area of Mato Grosso do Sul state water utility Sanesul and a 1.7bn-real PPP being planned by Piauí state to achieve universal waterworks coverage in the metropolitan region of state capital Teresina.